Mick Fanning – A professional athlete is becoming the “center of the world” when he remarkably escapes from an unexpected shark attack.
The below information is some secrets that CNN provides to help tourists avoid this kind of catastrophe when they are swimming in the sea.
Know the proportion of people who are attacked by sharks
The truth is that just a very tiny number of people who attacked by sharks like Mick Fanning. According to Richard Peirce, a shark expert and former president of the UK-based Shark Trust charity, the proportion of shark attack is very low, just one per 11.5 trillion of people.
Avoid river mouths
Peirce recommends avoiding estuaries, particularly where there are bull sharks, whites sharks and tiger sharks, are the most likely to attack humans.
“An awful lot of attacks occur in river mouths where people washing their clothes” says Peirce.
Avoid fishing boats
Before you jump in the sea, have a look around the horizon. If you see fishing boats, you should avoid them as far as possible. It fisherman are catching fish or struggling with fish in the water, that’s one of the prime attractors for a shark.
Don’t bleed or pee in the water
Sharks have an extraordinary sense of smell and can detect a drop of blood in several hundred million parts of water. Blood indicates the presence of something to eat and may attract sharks
Peirce also says women who are menstruating should stay on the beach, and that people who cut themselves while swimming should get out of the water.
So you’re being circled by a shark. It’s not the best thing that’s ever happened to you, but the worst thing you can do right now is panic. Remember, this is taboo because it just stimulates the concentration of sharks.
Maintain eye contact
As the shark swims around you, keep your head on a swivel and try to maintain eye contact. “Sharks are ambush predators,” Peirce explains. “If you’re turning around and facing it the whole time while it circles you, it’s not going to be half as comfortable as if it’s able to sneak up from behind.”
Cut off the angles
If you’re a diver and you run into trouble, try to get into a position where the shark can’t get behind you. Keep your back to something like a coral reef. Then you’ve only got one direction to look. You’re protected from behind, for example, and that enables you to keep the shark in sight in front of you and maybe swim to the top of the reef slowly to where your boat is.
Slowly back away
This goes back to the first point: displacing the least amount of water possible, no thrashing and splashing around gradually swim backwards away from the shark towards shore. “You must try and keep the animal in sight and very slowly and gently try and swim backwards and get into shallow water. Again, you’ve got to be careful – large sharks can attack in very shallow depths.”
If you realize that there is a shark is swimming around you without attack purpose, you should try to curl up your body as small as possible. That will make the sharp to don’t care about you and regard you like an enemy that are trying to scramble for food.
If you find yourself in an aggressive encounter, give it hell: punch, kick and poke at sensitive spots but be careful where you aim. Many people advise tourists on hitting the nose of sharks, but remember that just underneath the nose is a mouth – a dangerous position. Peirce recommends tourists should hit the grill – a very sensitive position and weak.
If you’re a diver with an underwater camera, use it, if you’re a snorkeler, rip off your snorkel and use it to poke the shark.